After an exhaustive search, Manhattan, KS and Kansas State University were chosen as the home for the National Bio Agro-Defense Facility, part of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security. The $1.25 billion facility replaces the Plum Island facility in New York State. As of May 2019, the $1.25B NBAF project is approximately 80 percent complete. The facility's main laboratory construction and commissioning activities were initiated in May 2015 and remain on schedule for May 2021 completion. The laboratory will not open until all necessary permits and registrations are received, which is scheduled to occur by December 2022.